how to be a better research writer
how to be a better research writer
So, with the exception of your writing skills progress, there’re a few more reasons why you should become an academic writer:
- Read every book you have access to. To be a better writer you should look through other works first. It may be every type of literature you like or have access to. Luckily, today you can locate virtually every book on the Internet. Fiction. Sci-Fi. Classics. Every book and every author has own writing style. Pay attention to them and it’ll improve your own writing.
- Arrange your thoughts. Many authors are not well organized thinkers. Too often our thoughts are jumping from one issue to another. It takes time and effort to arrange them into a logical viewpoint. Willpower and constant practice are those writer things that can help turn an ordinary writer into a master of written words.
- A great writer is clear, succinct and sincere. If you don’t know how to become a good writer, give preference to concise and simple sentences because too long, flowery writing is tiresome, wearing, and is unnecessary in education or business. Treat every paragraph as its own short argument. The best paragraphs are self-sufficient, having a beginning, body, and end. It seems simple; however it takes a lot of time and work to learn that technique. The reward is worth it. Writing will rise to a new level.
- Get a special book for writers. For instance, a right place to start is “The Elements of Style” by William Strunk and E. B. White or William Zinsser’s “On Writing Well”. Look through these books to find lots of useful writer tips. Every student learns from the aces, by imitating them, and then finding own style, thus, books for writers can actually turn average author in one of the best professionals in the area.
- Try to be related to the readers. Written text is not simply words. Apart from the message provided it is a way to involve the readers. When each and every word is connected with the audience, they actually remember the things you wrote.
- Turn writing into a habit. What to do if you want to be a writer? Simply start writing. Find the time when no one distracts you, and make it your everyday activity. You can choose early mornings, afternoons or evening hours – it doesn’t matter. What really matters is that you should do it every day. Writing is actually a skill, and similar to any other skill, it should be constantly mastered. Today, it may take you 6-8 hours to compose a post. Soon you‘ll be able to complete the same assignment in 1-2 hours.
- Be specific. Humans are visual creatures. We visualize what we see on a page. For this reason, if you are considering the question “how to become a writer,” provide your readers with specific information to visualize the things you are depicting whether you’re writing narrations, essays, or dissertations.
- The last, but not least tips for new writers: show the paper to a professional and get feedback. It’s impossible to upgrade writing skill in a vacuum. One of the best means to become a successful writer is to ask someone to read through the paper – preferably a professional editor. A person who is experienced in editing papers, and can give sincere and clever feedback. The right place to start is the custom essay online service which can offer you not simply the necessary feedback, but can become a perfect employment opportunity.
- Schedule! I tell my students that the first step in writing a research paper is to admit you have a research paper. Write up a schedule with a series of milestones to accomplish by a specific date (e.g. find 10 sources by September 20, finish preliminary research by October 15), and keep to it. You will need time to get an overview of what material is out there, find out what’s in your library, select relevant material, read it, take notes, and start putting it together — and to do a second wave of research to clear up points raised in the writing of your first draft.
- Start, don’t end, with Wikipedia. Wikipedia is a great place to start your research — spend some time searching for keywords related to your topic, browsing the links you find on each page, and following their suggested resources. Take notes, especially of any good sources they recommend. The goal here is to get a good overview of the subject you’re writing about, and Wikipedia is far better for that than most print sources, because of its hyperlink ed nature. By the time you get ready to write, though, you should have much better sources at your command than Wikipedia, so avoid citing it in your paper.
- Mine bibliographies. Once you’ve found a good, solid academic book or essay on your topic, you’re golden — at the end there will be a list of dozens or hundreds of sources for you to look up. You can usually skim through the bibliography and note down anything whose title sounds relevant to your research. Academic authors aren’t very creative with their titles, so it is usually pretty easy to tell what their work is about from just the title or subtitle. Go back through and see if you recognize any of the authors’ names — these too might be worth following up. once you start finding the work the first book referenced, do the same thing with their bibliographies — soon you’ll have a list of far more sources than you need (but you need them, because your library may not have all the books and journals referred to, and inter-library loan is so slow as to be useless for students who need to finish by the end of the semester).
- Have a research question in mind. Technically, your thesis should emerge from your research, when you have data in front of you. But you need a kind of “working thesis” while doing your research — a question you want to answer. As you come across new material, ask yourself if it looks like it will help you answer your question. Anything that looks relevant but doesn’t help answer your question you can put back. It’s tempting to gather a lot of background material, and some is necessary, but too much will waste your time without contributing to your research. Get one or two good sources for background (your initial Wikipedia searching should be adequate in most cases) and then keep focused by working towards an answer to your research question.
- Deal with one piece at a time. Don’t try to tackle your subject all at once. Get enough of a sense of the topic that you can create an outline of the things you need to understand, and then deal with each piece on its own. You’ll find the connections between the pieces when you write your first draft.
- Use a system. Start your research with an idea of how you plan to collect and organize your notes and data. Although I’ve written papers using index cards before, my favorite system is to use a one-subject notebook. At the top of a fresh page, I write the full bibliographic reference for a book or paper, then copy quotes and write notes — both tagged with the page numbers they came from — interspersed with thoughts and ideas that occur to me as I’m reading. I’d love to use a computer more efficiently when doing research, and have built databases and tried wikis and outliners and other kinds of software, but I’ve never found a system that worked well — I spent more time fiddling with the software than getting work done. Whatever system you decide on, make sure that every quote, fact, and thought is tied in some way to its source so that you can easily insert references while you’re writing.
- Know your resources. Spend some time getting to know what resources, both online and offline, your library to offer. Most libraries offer tours to students, or talk to a research librarian — or at the least, walk through the library to get a feel for what is where, paying special attention to the microfilm repository and periodicals, which you’ll use a lot in the course of most research projects. Most university libraries also subscribe to a number of academic databases, and most are now accessible online — get to know the research material you can access from home. J-Stor, for instance, holds full-text photographic copies of hundreds of journals, all easily searchable. There’s nothing quite like thinking of something in the middle of the night, logging on, and printing out two or three relevant journal articles to review in the morning.
- Ask for help. Use the human resources available to you as well as the material resources. Most professors spend their office hours waiting in disappointment for a student to drop in and give them something to justify the time they’re required to keep an open hour — be that student! Ask for help in finding and evaluating sources, or for help in figuring out what to do with the material you’ve collected so far. Another often-overlooked resource is your friendly neighborhood librarian. Librarians are, in my estimation, the best people on Earth — they know the material in their charge forwards and backwards, they are deeply concerned with seeing it used, and they have committed their lives to making information more available. Most librarians will be happy to help you find relevant material for your project, and some will even locate specific pieces of hard-to-find information for you. Don’t forget to ask your fellow student for help, too — some of the might have come across work directly relevant to your topic.
- Carry an idea book. As you start really getting into your project, your mind will start churning through what you’re reading, even when you’re not consciously working on it. If you’re like me, you’ll be struck by sudden revelations at the least convenient times — in the bathroom, in the shower, at the supermarket. or while getting ready for bed. Keep a small notebook and a pen with you everywhere (well, maybe not in the shower — although I do keep dry erase markers by the sink so I can write down quick thoughts on the bathroom mirror when I get out of the shower); jot down notes whenever an idea crosses your mind, and transfer these notes into your research log (or software, or whatever) as soon as you can.
- Bring it up to date. Pay attention to the publication date of your material — while it’s ok to use older material, ideally you’d like the bulk of your references to come from the last 10 years or so. If research in your topic seems to dry up a decade or so back, it might be because the field moved on, but it also might be because funding opportunities disappeared, a major researcher died, or any number of accidental reasons. One trick is to Google the major researchers whose work you’ve found and see if you can find their homepages — most will list recent publications and their current research activities — it could be that someone has a book about to come out, or reports published in obscure or foreign journals. If so, you might try inter-library loan, or in some cases, try contacting the researcher herself and ask if they can send you a draft or reprint. Be courteous, explain what you’re working on and what you’re trying to find out, where your research has taken you so far, and what light you hope their work can shed on your topic. Do not ask for a list of references or what your thesis should be — nobody wants to do a student’s work for them.
A little while back, I wrote about ways for students to add a little extra “kick” to their research papers. Those strategies were meant for students who had already mastered the basics of performing research, not students just getting started doing research and writing papers. As with writing, though, research skills are rarely taught very clearly — professors assume students know or can figure out how to do good research, or at best turn their students over to a librarian for a tour of the library’s facilities and resources. Is it any wonder that so many university students rely on Wikipedia as the first and last stop in their research itinerary?
If you’ve been collecting and recycling information and stockpiling contacts, then the next step is to organize everything so you can find it when you need it. If you have scads of files filled with useful information, but don’t look in these vast resources, then your organization and research is useless. Decide what you’re going to keep and where you’re going to keep it—and remember to make the filing system part of your professional life so you don’t recreate the research wheel every time you need a pithy piece of insight.
Here are four tips for turning vast stockpiles of otherwise latent research and data into user-friendly, actionable and powerful snippets for your stories or leads for future pieces.
- DO A TARGETED INTERNET SEARCH. Study every relevant website you can find. You may have some intense reading to do the night before a big interview, but it’ll be worth it.
- READ ALL ABOUT IT. Read magazines, journals and books related to your subject to pick up the jargon, trends, leads and ideas.
- USE MULTIMEDIA SOURCES. Documentaries and CD-ROMs are fun and quick ways to soak up facts and build a foundation.
- WHEN IN DOUBT, FIND OUT. If you’re not sure of something, ask an expert. Double-checking with an authority is the safest and quickest way to get information, and it’ll save work later.
- LET IT BREATHE. Give yourself time to nail inconsistencies in your story.
- What time did you begin and end each 25-minute sprint? This will help to decide if you have an ideal writing time.
- What tools did you use to speed up the process? Did you use any dictation tools, editing apps, or text expanders?
- What was the nature of the work that you did? Did you outline, write, or edit?
- Where were you? More often than not, writers have an ideal spot that allows them to write better quality words faster. It allows you to determine where you work best so you can capitalize on that.
Or a blogger whose writing style you admire?
Gather resource materials and begin reviewing them. Here are a few good information sources:
A prospectus is a formal proposal of a research project developed to convince a reader (a professor or research committee, or later in life, a project coordinator, funding agency, or the like) that the research can be carried out and will yield worthwhile results.