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how to write literature review for dissertation

how to write literature review for dissertation

  • a description of the publication;
  • a summary of the publication’s main points;
  • a discussion of gaps in research;
  • an evaluation of the publication’s contribution to the topic.

A literature review is a survey of scholarly sources that provides an overview of a particular topic. Literature reviews are a collection of the most relevant and significant publications regarding that topic in order to provide a comprehensive look at what has been said on the topic and by whom. The basic components of a literature review include:

How to write literature review for dissertation
You need to give a strong idea of how the field lies, so don’t just mention each writer individually, but try to relate them to one another and compare their views to give an overview of the current arguments and which bodies of literature belong together.
It might be helpful to use subheadings or bullet points in your dissertation writing to clarify the different areas of theory and the positions of each writer. These subsections might echo areas of the subject you will later visit in your dissertation itself.

Always make sure you relate your discussion to your own piece of research, and in particular to your own research question, which may well have come about through a gap you have identified in the research.
The last three items will be dealt with separately; here are a few points on general approach and organization.

How to write literature review for dissertation
A literature review is often the foundation for a theoretical framework. You can use it to discuss various theories, models, and definitions of key concepts.
Depending on the length of your literature review, you can combine several of these strategies (for example, your overall structure might be thematic, but each theme is discussed chronologically).

How to write literature review for dissertation
Research question example What is the impact of social media on body image among Generation Z?

  • What question or problem is the author addressing?
  • What are the key concepts and how are they defined?
  • What are the key theories, models and methods? Does the research use established frameworks or take an innovative approach?
  • What are the results and conclusions of the study?
  • How does the publication relate to other literature in the field? Does it confirm, add to, or challenge established knowledge?
  • How does the publication contribute to your understanding of the topic? What are its key insights and arguments?
  • What are the strengths and weaknesses of the research?

References:

http://www.oxbridgeessays.com/blog/top-10-tips-writing-dissertation-literature-review/
http://www.emeraldgrouppublishing.com/archived/research/guides/methods/literature2.htm
http://www.scribbr.co.uk/thesis-dissertation/literature-review/
http://www.scribbr.com/dissertation/literature-review/
http://www.scribbr.co.uk/thesis-dissertation/literature-review/