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what is literature review in project writing

what is literature review in project writing

A literature review is a survey of scholarly sources that provides an overview of a particular topic. Literature reviews are a collection of the most relevant and significant publications regarding that topic in order to provide a comprehensive look at what has been said on the topic and by whom. The basic components of a literature review include:

  • a description of the publication;
  • a summary of the publication’s main points;
  • a discussion of gaps in research;
  • an evaluation of the publication’s contribution to the topic.

What is literature review in project writing
The literature review is a written overview of major writings and other sources on a selected topic. Sources covered in the review may include scholarly journal articles, books, government reports, Web sites, etc. The literature review provides a description, summary and evaluation of each source. It is usually presented as a distinct section of a graduate thesis or dissertation.
The literature review should include the following:

What is literature review in project writing
For example, if you are reviewing literature about inequalities in migrant health outcomes, key themes might include healthcare policy, language barriers, cultural attitudes, legal status, and economic access.
Depending on the length of your literature review, you can combine several of these strategies (for example, your overall structure might be thematic, but each theme is discussed chronologically).

These are questions that you will already probably be asking yourself.
Dena Taylor (n.d.) at the University of Toronto lists some questions to ask yourself at when you start reading:

Fink, Arlene. Conducting Research Literature Reviews: From the Internet to Paper. 2nd ed. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage, 2005; Hart, Chris. Doing a Literature Review: Releasing the Social Science Research Imagination. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1998; Jesson, Jill. Doing Your Literature Review: Traditional and Systematic Techniques. Los Angeles, CA: SAGE, 2011; Knopf, Jeffrey W. “Doing a Literature Review.” PS: Political Science and Politics 39 (January 2006): 127-132; Ridley, Diana. The Literature Review: A Step-by-Step Guide for Students. 2nd ed. Los Angeles, CA: SAGE, 2012.
1. Problem formulation — which topic or field is being examined and what are its component issues?
2. Literature search — finding materials relevant to the subject being explored.
3. Data evaluation — determining which literature makes a significant contribution to the understanding of the topic.
4. Analysis and interpretation — discussing the findings and conclusions of pertinent literature.

References:

http://library.concordia.ca/help/writing/literature-review.php
http://www.scribbr.com/dissertation/literature-review/
http://www2.le.ac.uk/offices/ld/all-resources/writing/writing-resources/literature-review
http://libguides.usc.edu/writingguide/literaturereview
http://research.library.gsu.edu/c.php?g=115595&p=754162